On 7 February, German media reported on the formation of a coalition in the Bundestag. The Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Angela Merkel and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) are in agreement after the negotiations that was begun in early January.
After the formation of the «big coalition», the party «Alternative for Germany» becomes a parliamentary opposition.
Schulz, noted in the press, has won two ministerial portfolios for the Social Democrats: the Foreign Ministry and the German Ministry of Finance. Schulz can hand over the chairing of the Party to the former Minister of Labor Andrea Nales, and he will head the country’s foreign affairs department. The chair of the head of the Ministry of Finance is predicted to Hamburg’s mayor Olaf Scholz.
In total, six ministries will be headed by the representatives of the SPD.
The head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs can become the Prime Minister of Bavaria Horst Seehofer from the «sister» CDU «Christian-Socialist Union». Christian democrats Angela Merkel will take the Ministry of Defense and Economy.
The CDU-SPD negotiations preceded the failed attempt by Chancellor Angela Merkel to create a traditional «Jamaican coalition» with the Green Party. The Russian Institute for Strategic Studies believed that the «big coalition» would be the smallest in the history of Germany, as it would have a big opposition in the person of «Alternative for Germany» and «Free Democratic Party».
«We are experiencing new political times with numerous problems for Germany — both internationally and nationally,» the opening speech of the coalition agreement says.
Germany, as noted, together with France will reform the Eurozone. Among the goals are indicated the division of responsibility in the EU in immigration policy, and the more active participation of Berlin in the discussion of the life of the European Union. The German side is allegedly ready to «repay Europe» in cash.
«There is nowhere else to go!», Alisa Weidl, leader of the «Alternative for Germany» reacted to the message about the formation of the «big coalition». Most of all, she was «stunned» by statements about the migration policy. In particular, the text does not specify an «upper limit», but it is estimated that 180 to 220 thousand migrants will come to Germany every year in the future.
Weidle estimated that this is approximately 2.2 million people for 10 years. On behalf of the party, Weidl assumed the responsibility to put key questions before the government.
«Germany needs AfD (an alternative for Germany — a comment of the author) more urgently than ever before,» concluded Weidl.
By the way, the agreement in line 4819 refers to the intention to combat the causes of migration, rather than refugees. At the same time, the paragraph that outraged Weidl emphasizes the commitment of the Geneva Convention, the basic right to asylum.
«… note that the number of migrants … will not exceed the range from 180 000 to 220 000 per year,» says the 103rd page of the Agreement.
In the Bundestag, a special commission for refugees will be set up — «Fluchtursachen» (literally, «the reason for the escape»), which will study the causes of migration and present concrete proposals to the federal government.
On 21 January, French President Emmanuel Macron, who had previously spoken about the importance of a stable government in Germany to promote reforms in the European Union, met with Merkel. The press statement pointed to the need to develop a joint position on all important issues of the European and international agenda.
The interlocutors plan to develop a new Elysee Treaty in 2018 (the document of January 22, 1963, on which the relations between the two countries are built), deepen cooperation in law enforcement and economic spheres.
Three days later, during a speech at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Makron stated the need to build a strong Europe in order to avoid fragmentation of the world. In his opinion, the process of globalization must be organized in an equitable manner, so that «nationalists, extremists» would not win through «5, 10, 15 years».
Let’s remind, on 24 September last year in the elections to the Bundestag, Germany felt a political earthquake. The party «Alternative for Germany» was held in parliament, which caused hysteria in the Western media.
246 mandates went to the CDU / CSU bloc, 153 to the SDP, 94 to the «Alternative for Germany», 80 to the Free Democratic Party, 69 to the «Left», and 67 to the «Green». In the party, Merkel announced the search for partners to form a coalition.